The Board recognizes that student wellness and good nutrition are related to students’ physical and psychological well being and their readiness to learn. The Board is committed to providing a school environment that supports student wellness, healthy food choices, nutrition education, and regular physical activity. The Board believes that students who learn and practice healthy lifestyles in their formative years may be more likely to be conscious of the importance of good nutrition and exercise as adults, practice healthy habits, and reduce their risk of obesity, diabetes and other chronic diseases.
The school unit will ensure that meals provided by its Food Services Program meet the nutrition standards established by federal regulations. Sales of foods and beverages that compete with the school lunch program (and/or school breakfast program) must be in compliance with the Board’s policy EFE, Competitive Food Sales/Sales in Competition with the School Food Services Program.
This policy serves as assurance that school unit guidelines for reimbursable meals are not less restrictive than regulations and guidance issued by the Secretary of Agriculture persuant to the National School Lunch Act and the Child Nutrition Act.
Nutrition education will be integrated into the instructional program through the health education program and/or the curriculum as aligned with the content standards of Maine’s system of Learning Results. Nutrition education should focus on skills students need to adopt and maintain healthy eating behaviors. Students should receive consistent nutrition messages throughout the schools, including classrooms, cafeteria, and school-home communications.
The school unit will strive to provide all students developmentally appropriate opportunities for physical education classes, recess periods for elementary school students, and extracurricular activities (clubs, intramural and interscholastic athletics). School programs are intended to build and maintain physical fitness and to promote healthy lifestyles. The schools should encourage parents to support their children’s participation in physical activities, including available before- and after-school programs.
Other School-Based Wellness Activities
The schools, with prior approval of the Superintendent/designee, may implement other appropriate programs that support consistent wellness messages and promote healthy eating and physical activity.
The Board may approve policy, regulations or guidelines for refreshments served at parties or celebrations during the school day or for food as rewards, or may delegate the responsibility for such regulations or guidelines to administrators at the district or school level.
The school unit may develop programs that encourage staff to learn and engage in healthy lifestyle practices.
Implementation and Monitoring
The Superintendent/designee shall be responsible for the implementation or the wellness policy, for monitoring efforts to meet the intent of this policy, and for reporting to the Board on an annual basis.
Monitoring may include surveys or solicitation of input from students, parents, staff, and school administrators.
Reports may include, but are not limited t0:
A. The status of the school environment in regard to student wellness issues
B. Evaluation of the school food services program and compliance with nutrition guidelines
C. Summary of wellness programs and activities in the school
D. Feedback from students, parents, staff school administrators and wellness commitee
E. Recommendations for policy, program or curriculum revisions
Appointment and Role of the Wellness Committee
The Board shall appoint a district-wide Wellness Committee comprised of at least one of each of the following:
A. Board member;
B. School administrator;
C. Food Services Director/designee;
D. Student representative;
E. Parent representative; and/or
F. Community representative
The Wellness Committee may also include:
A. School nurse;
C. Guidance counselor;
D. Social worker;
E. Community organization or agency representative;
F. Other staff, as designated by the Board; and/or
G. Other persons, as designated by the Board
The Wellness Committee shall serve as an advisory committee in regard to student wellness issues and will be responsible for making recommendations related to the wellness policy, wellness goals, administrative or school regulations and practices, or raising awareness of student health issues.
With the prior approval of the Superintendent/designee, the Wellness Committee may survey parents, students and the community and/or conduct focus groups or community forums.
The Wellness Committee shall provide periodic reports to the Superintendent/designee and, as requested, to the Board.
The Board has identified the following goals associated with student wellness:
Goals for Nutrition Education
The schools will provide nutrition education that focuses on the skills students need to adopt and maintain healthy eating behaviors.
The schools’ nutrition education will be will be provided in a sequential, comprehensive health education program aligned with the content standards of the Maine system of Learning Results.
Nutrition education will be integrated into other subjects as appropriate to complement, not replace, the health education program.
The school unit will provide foods that meet or exceed the federal nutrition standards, adequate time for students to obtain food and eat, lunch scheduled at appropriate hours of the day (OR: as close to the middle of the school day as possible), adequate space to eat, and a clean and safe meal environment.
Consistent nutrition messages will be disseminated throughout the school unit in the classroom, the cafeteria, and the school-home communications.
Administrators and staff will be encouraged to model nutritious food choices and eating habits.
Appropriate professional development will be provided for food services and staff.
Goals for Physical Activity
The physical education program will provide students with the knowledge and skills needed to be physically fit and take part in healthful physical activity on a regular basis.
Students will develop motor skills and apply them to enhance their coordination and physical performance.
Students will demonstrate responsible personal and social behaviors in physical activity settings.
The physical education curriculum will be aligned with the content standards of the Maine system of Learning Results.
Physical education classes will keep all students involved in a purposeful activity for a majority of the class period.
Physical education classes will provide opportunity to learn for students of all abilities.
The schools will provide a physical and social environment that encourages safe and enjoyable physical activity and fosters the development of a positive attitude toward health and fitness.
The schools will provide facilities adequate to implement the physical education curriculum for the number of students served.
Schools will promote efforts to provide opportunities for students to engage in age-appropriate activities on most days of the week in both school and community settings.
The schools will provide opportunities for physical activity through a variety of before-and/or after-school programs including, but not limited to, intramural sports, interscholastic athletics and physical activity clubs.
Appropriate professional development will be provided for physical education staff and other staff involved in the delivery of such programs.
Goals for Other School-Based Activities
Goals of the Wellness Policy will be considered when planning school or classroom parties, celebrations or events.
Parents will be encouraged to provide nutritionally sound snacks from home and food for classroom parties or events.
Schools will encourage maximum participation in school meal programs.
Schools will encourage parents and students to take advantage of developmentally appropriate community-based after-school programs that emphasize physical activity.
The schools will encourage parents to support their children’s participation in physical activity, to be physically active role models, and to include physical activity in family events.
As feasible, school physical activity facilities will be made available after school hours for student, parent and community use to encourage participation in physical activity.
School administrators, staff, parents, students and community members will be encouraged to serve as role models in practicing healthy eating and being physically active, both in the school environment and at home.
Student organizations will be encouraged to engage in fundraising projects that are supportive of healthy eating and student wellness.
School-based marketing of foods and beverages, such as through advertisements in school publications, school buildings, athletic fields, and other areas accessible to students should support the goals of the Wellness Policy.
The schools are encouraged to cooperate with agencies and community organizations to support programs that contribute to good nutrition and physical activity.
Legal Reference: 42 U.S.C. – 1751
Adopted: August 14, 2006
ADMINISTRATIVE GUIDELINES REGUARDING C.S.D. #12 WELLNESS POLICY
In order to enact and enforce C.S.D. #12 Wellness Policy, the Wellness Policy Committee has developed these rules.
Nutrition influences a child’s development, health status, well-being and potential for learning. All students should possess the knowledge and skills necessary to make nutritious and enjoyable food choices for a lifetime.
The Foods Services department will provide and promote healthy meal alternatives within the school educational learning environment for the School Breakfast, School Lunch, and After School Snack Programs. This department will ensure that families are aware of need-based programs for free or reduced-price meals and that eligible families are encouraged to apply. The program will maintain the confidentiality of students and families applying for or receiving free or reduced-price meals. The Superintendent and the Food Services Director will be responsible for developing and implementing procedures related to the food service program. The following overall guidelines should be met:
- Offer meals and snacks that meet the Dietary Guidelines for Americans and the USDA Healthy Meals Initiative. Guidelines for meals should not be less restrictive than the regulations issued by the USDA.
- Offer nutrition training opportunities for cafeteria staff and Food Services Director
- Ensure that meals are appealing and attractive and are served in clean and pleasant settings
- Serve foods in appropriate portions and in a preparation method that emphasizes high quality nutrition
- Include a variety of foods from all food groups, with special attention to offering a wide assortment of fruits, vegetables and whole grains
- Include foods low in fat, saturated fat, trans-fat and cholesterol
- Limit foods high in sugar and salt content
- serve only low fat milk
- Ensure that a la carte offerings meet the same standards as meals
- offer modified meals upon physician’s request for students with allergies or other special food needs
- Provide bag lunches for school trips, when appropriate
- Provide a positive environment in school cafeterias by giving an adequate amount of time for students to eat school meals
C.S.D. #12 prohibits the sale of soft drinks and other junk food as defined below in all student-accessed vending machines.
Soft drinks – includes regular and low-calorie carbonated soft drinks, carbonated fruit juice drinks, and sweetened and unsweetened carbonated water.
All junk food – defined a food of minimal nutritional value:
(a) in the case of artificially-sweetened foods, a food which provides less than 5% of the Reference Daily Intake (RDI) for each of eight specified nutrients per serving
(b) in the case of all other foods, a food which provides less than 5% of the RDI for each of eight specified nutrients per serving.
The eight nutrients to be assessed are protein, vitamin A, vitamin C, niacin, riboflavin, thiamin, calcium, and iron.
(c) provides more than 35% by weight of sugar (excluding sugar found naturally in fruit and dairy products)
(d) provides more than 30% of total calories from fat (excluding fat from nuts, seeds, and peanut butter;)
(e) provides more than 10% of calories from saturated fat
Students will not have access to minimal nutritional foods in school vending machines.
All fundraising projects must be approved by the school administrator. All projects are encouraged to meet the same standards as those for vending machines. Non-food fundraising projects are encouraged. Example: Sales of candy, cookies and other sugary items should be replaced with non-food items such as candles, wrapping paper, greeting cards, etc. Food items sold must not compete with the National School Lunch or Breakfast Program, that is, they cannot be sold during the school day.
School fundraising activities will not involve food or will use only foods that meet the above nutrition and portion size standards for foods and beverages. Schools will encourage activities that promote healthy food sales or nonfood sales. The school district will make available a list of ideas for acceptable fundraising activities.
There will be no bake sales during the school day.
Staff Meetings/Teacher Workshops
Whenever food is served for workshops, healthy choices will be available.
Classroom Incentives or Student Rewards
Teachers should consider offering non-food items as a student incentive. Should teachers decide to use food items as a reward, they are encouraged to adhere to the above guidelines.
Snacks brought to school or provided by the school (during the day or as part of the after school program) should follow the Healthy Snack Suggestions provided by the district’s healthy snack program.
Whatever food is served for parties, healthy choices will be available.
Physical Education and Physical Activity Opportunities
Age appropriate physical education shall be offered to students in the district. In addition, physical education topics shall be integrated into the curriculum when appropriate. The district shall implement a quality physical education program that addresses the following:
- Has a curriculum aligned with the Maine Learning Results
- Equips students with the knowledge skills, and attitudes necessary for lifelong physical activity
- Influences personal and social skill development
Instruction and Assessment
- Is taught by a certified physical education teacher
- Aligns curriculum, instruction, and assessment
- Engages students in curriculum choices that prepare them for a wide variety of lifetime activities
- Keeps all students involved in purposeful activity for a majority of the class period
- Builds students’ confidence and competence in physical abilities
- Includes students of all abilities
- Offers weekly instructional periods of physical education
- Has a teacher to student ratio consistent with those of the other subject areas and/or classrooms
- Provides facilities to implement the curriculum for the number of students served
- has enough functional equipment for each student to actively participate
- Builds students’ confidence and competence in physical abilities
- Includes students of all abilities
The District should offer daily opportunities for unstructured physical activity, commonly referred to as recess for all students Pre-K through grade 8. Recess should be in addition to physical education class time and not be a substitute for physical education. Each school shall provide proper equipment and a safe area designated for supervised recess in the elementary setting.
Adopted: August 14, 2006